First-Ever Recordings of Penguins Vocalizing Underwater

For the first time ever, scientists have recorded the sounds of penguins communicating underwater. While it’s commonly understood that the flightless birds chirp to one another on land to ask for help with food and foraging, the underwater calls are less understood as researchers found that penguins were “often hunting alone when making their calls, suggesting they might have been directed at their prey instead.” …

New Study Finds More Positive Impacts of Magic Mushrooms

PhD candidates at Maastricht University have found evidence that a single dose of psilocybin (aka the active ingredient in magic mushrooms) can improve mood, empathy, outlook and creativity—for up to seven days after ingestion. Taking the drug in tea form, the 55 subjects were analyzed three times: “once the evening before ingesting psilocybin, once the morning after ingesting psilocybin, and finally seven days after ingesting …

A Biologist Explains How Animals Feel Pain

We, of course, cannot read animals’ minds (even our pets) but that doesn’t mean we can’t intuit some of the ways they feel pain. According to evolutionary biologist Robyn J. Crook in a recent TED-Ed video, humans have two kinds of reaction to pain. First, nerves sense pain, communicate it and cause a jerking reaction. Second, there is conscious recognition—this is what we associate with …